Raspberry (scientific name: Rubus idaeus）is a Rosaceae hanging hook genus of woody plant, is a fruit, sweet and sour taste, has long barbs on the stems of plant. Raspberry has many alias names, such as, Rubus, Raspberry, Wild berry, Rubus swinhoei etc..
Raspberry is distributed mainly over Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Anhui, Yunnan, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Fujian, Guangxi, Guangdong, Shanxi, Gansu provinces and other places.
The height of raspberry plant is 2-3 meters with white branches and minority barbs. Single, alternate and nearly round leaf is palmate with 5 deep lobes, the middle lobes is ling ovate, the base part is subcordate with margin doubly serrate, white short pubescence on two surface veins; petiolate and stipules are linear and lanceolate, bisexual flowers, solitary in the top of short branch, calyx persistent, short pubescence on both sides of calyx lobe; stamens numerous, filaments flat; anthers versatile; pistils numerous, pubescence, borne in convex torus.
The fruit of raspberry is an aggregate fruit with red, gold and black colors. It is globose, hanging down and densely covering with gray-white pubescence. Raspberry is used as fruit in Europe and the United States. Its florescence is 3-4 months and fruit period will sustain for 5 to 8 months.The Main Functions of Raspberry:
1. Anti-aging function: the raspberry has many ingredients that have the effect of antioxidant, adjusting immunologic function and adjusting supersession of substance.
2. Function of regulating reproduction system: the raspberry is capable of strengthening the function of hypothalamus - hypophysis - gonadal axis, and it also has the function of prolonging people’s life.
3. Function of adjusting immunologic system: the four extract ingredients in raspberry: water extracting solution, alcohol extraction solution, vulgar polysaccharide and n-butyl alcohol component with evident function of lymphopoiesis. The water alcohol extraction solution has the function that is similar to that of hemagglutinin. Therefore, the extract solution of raspberry improves cellular’s immune function, achieving the effect of anti-cancer.4. Raspberry is natural effective prescription of losing weight, containing raspberry ketone that has the capability of accelerating the metabolism and burning of fat, its effect is three times stronger than that of capsaicin and its supersession and burning of fat is five times faster than that of daily digesting.